Definitions of Social Development
“Social development” involves initiatives for universal literacy or elementary education, comprehensive preventive health, measurement and control of infectious illnesses, housing, family planning, and ecological balance maintenance. Furthermore, social development theory argues that significant expenditure is necessary for social services, which are dependent on economic development.” Thus, social development is a broad concept that encompasses major structural changes in politics, economics, and culture to establish a new society in place of the current one, where people’s living conditions are improved so that they do not go hungry and are not denied the necessities of life. The following are some different definitions of social development:
“The idea of social development is inclusive of economic growth, but it differs in that it emphasizes the development of society as a whole, including its economic, political, social, and cultural dimensions,” says M.S.Gore. In this sense, social development planning is not concerned just with the provision of social services, any more than economic growth planning is solely focused on the condition of economic growth. Apart from social or welfare benefits, the “social” perspective is useful in various situations. Policies relating to population, urbanization, industrial location, and environmental pollution, policies relating to regional development, policies of income growth, income distribution, and land reform, procedures governing administration, and policies governing people’s participation in planning and implementation of plans” are among the most prominent.
“Social development” refers to attempts to enhance the social situation in areas such as housing, health and nutrition, education and training, employment and working conditions, social security, social stability, and social welfare. “Social development has been characterized as a micro strategy of planned interventions to increase the ability of the current social system to cope with demands of change and growth,” write P.N.Sharma and C.Shashtri.
“Social development is a process of systematic change (values, attitudes, institutions, and practices) purposefully initiated through the instruments of social policy and planning for enhancement of the levels of living and quality of life of the mass of people, particularly the weaker sections, in an eco-friendly, socially just, and participatory environment,” according to ASSWI (Association of School of Social Work in India).
Social Development Characteristics
The following aspects of social growth emerge from an examination of multiple definitions:
Social development is a movement, approach, and method for dealing with any broad-based issue. Social development necessitates significantly more campaigning and popular mobilization than social welfare.
Social development may not supply ready-made services that solve issues immediately, and it refers to long-term planning that focuses on people, the environment, and the social system.
Efforts to enhance the social situation in development, housing, health and nutrition, education and training, employment and working conditions, social security, social stability, and social welfare are all part of social development.
Social development is a process of systematic change that is purposely begun via the instrument of social policy and planning to improve the average person’s standard of living and quality of life.
They provide additional funding for social development initiatives and promote public and private help.
We incorporate poverty reduction and gender equity goals within the structural adjustment program.